Europe and the cybersecurity fostered by the Horizon 2020 calls.

 Cybersecurity and digital technologies are two sides of the same coin. They have become the backbone of the developed economies and sources of new market opportunities. Finance, health, energy and transport, each economic sector has to deal with digital transformation to keep up running in an increasingly competitive market. Old and new business models are now based on the seamless high rate access to the internet and on the effectiveness of ICT systems.

Cybersecurity threats and data breaches could interrupt the supply of critical services, including water or electricity. These threats can result from criminal/terrorist attacks or from natural and man-made disasters. Over the years, the European Union has struggled to build trust among the European citizens to allow new connected technologies and device to be the gateways to the Digital Single Market. Since the approval of the EU Cybersecurity Strategy in 2013, the European Commission has taken forward a set of legislative proposals, as the adoption of the Directive on security of network and information systems (NIS Directive) by the European Parliament in July 2016. It has further boosted its approach by bringing trust and security at the core of the 2015 Digital Single Market Strategy.

On 13 September 2017 the Commission adopted a cybersecurity package. The package builds upon existing instruments and presents new initiatives to further improve EU cyber resilience and response.

Cybersecurity under Horizon 2020

The Horizon 2020 programme includes cybersecurity and privacy in different funding lines. Under the Societal Challenge "Secure societies – Protecting freedom and security of Europe and its citizens", H2020 brings together various security stakeholders. This challenge focuses on Digital Security aiming at increasing the security of current applications, services and infrastructures by integrating state-of-the-art security solutions or processes, supporting the creation of lead markets and market incentives in Europe. Security is also a so-called "digital focus area" under other challenges (privacy and security in ehealth; energy; transport; innovative security solutions for public administrations). SC7 also focuses on fighting crime and terrorism, i.e. on mitigating potential consequences of crime- and/or terrorism-related incidents or to avoid them. To this end, new technologies and capabilities are required. They should address the fight against and the prevention of crime (including cyber-crime), illegal trafficking and terrorism (including cyber-terrorism and CBRN-E attacks), along with understanding and tackling terrorist ideas and beliefs.

Under Leadership in enabling and industrial technologies, projects on dedicated technology- driven digital security building blocks have been funded. Security is also integrated as a functional requirement in specific technologies.

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